Towards a first adoption of a text with a view to the National Assembly in this new election period. The deputies will vote at the first reading, on Tuesday 11 October, the reform of the unemployment insurance. The bill “on emergency measures” with a view to “full employment” must above all put the government in place to adapt unemployment insurance to the situation on the labor market.
But the deputies changed the text with other measures, especially on job cuts. Franceinfo describes the main points of this reform, which will then be discussed in the Senate from the 25th October.
A graduation of the compensation according to the financial situation
Article 1 of the text initially aims at extend the current operation of the unemployment insurance, as a result of the previous reform that entered into force on 1 December 2021. These rules were originally supposed to end on 1 November.
Above all this article also opens up the possibility of modulating the a box so that it is “stricter when too many jobs are unfilled, more generous when unemployment is high”, in the words of Emmanuel Macron during the presidential campaign. The text does not specify the form this modulation will take. It will be decided by the government by decree, aafter a consultation phase with the social partners, which begins in the week of October 17. The management aims for the new rules to come into force at the beginning of 2023.
The Labor Minister has already assured that the government “do not touch[ait] not the compensation amount”. “ISLANDOn the other hand, one may wonder about the conditions for entering the scheme – six months out of 24 today – and about the duration of the compensation.estimated Olivier Dussopt in the columns of Sunday newspaper (article reserved for subscribers).
A differentiated application abroad
MEPs adopted an amendment aimed at ensuring that the specific situation of overseas territories, hardest hit by unemployment, are taken into account in the definition of the new graduation rules. The change was supported by the Labor Minister, who promised in the semicircle -one “highly differentiated application for overseas territories”.
Abandonment of position is equated with a resignation
The National Assembly also voted on amendments from the majority and the Republicans, which aimed to equate abandonment of position with resignation and thus tighten access to unemployment insurance for employees in this situation. “The employee who has voluntarily given up his position and does not return to work after receiving a notice to this effect (…) is presumed to have resigned”gives the text.
Currently, a dismissal motivated by job abandonment does not deprive the employee of his right to benefit from unemployment insurance, even if the job abandonment is “voluntary.” The government said it was in favor of this change and pointed out “a phenomenon on the rise”. Representatives of the majority have mentioned a mechanism “familiar to employers who experience it” and it “disorganizes businesses, especially the smallest”. The left has pointed to cases “marginal” and asked not to “weakens the protection of employees”, suggests a link between job loss and poor working conditions.
The Confederation of Small and Medium Enterprises (CPME) believes it is “a complicated subject”on which there is “no statistics”and which is experienced differently depending on the size of the companies. “In VSEs it is considered desertion which disrupts the business and must be sanctioned”move Eric Chevée, Vice President of Social Affairs at CPME, with AFP. “But in SMEs it makes it possible to resolve conflict situations (…) because the business manager does not necessarily want to pay for a contractual termination”subject to special compensation, he claims.
A reform of the system with validation of acquired experience
It is a system that is still little used due to its complexity. Deputies voted to create one “genuine public service” validation of acquired experience. VAE, established in 2002, makes it possible to obtain professional certification thanks to the recognition of acquired experience, including in a voluntary context. But the use of this procedure is still considered low.
The government’s original text essentially contained measures to extend VAE to “carers and family carers”, so that their experience facilitates their access to elderly professions, which have recruitment difficulties. But deputies, especially from the presidential majority, asked for a more comprehensive reform, a request that the government took into account in its amendment.
The new unit must therefore “extract VAE from its administrative logic”by facilitating and speeding up the procedures, defendedhe minister delegate for vocational training, Carole Grandjean. ONE “one-stop VAE window” will be offered via a digital platform.