Unemployment insurance: the bill discussed in the Senate from Tuesday – 24/10/2022 at 08:42


(AFP / BERTRAND GUAY)

The bill on “unemployment insurance” was adopted on 12 October by the National Assembly at first reading, it initiates a new reform of unemployment insurance, which aims to change the rules in relation to the state of the labor market.

The bill “unemployment insurance” will be

debated from Tuesday 25 October at the first reading in the Senate.

The elected representatives of the semi-circle of the Palais du Luxembourg, mainly on the right, put their stamp on it in the committee.

This text was

adopted on 12 October by the alternates

on first reading. It initiates a new unemployment insurance reform with a view to

change the rules

depending on the situation on the labor market. “Professional” in relation to the principle of this graduation, which the government intends to establish by decree, after consulting the social partners, the rapporteurs Frédérique Puissat (LR) and Olivier Henno (centrist) wanted to register it clearly in the law.

A new article in the Labor Act allows for

modulate unemployment insurance

depending on short-term indicators, it is up to the unemployment insurance agreement concluded between the social partners to set the parameters.

The government sees graduation as a first step

reach the goal of full employment by 2027,

i.e. an unemployment rate of around 5% compared to 7.4% currently. A consultation between the government and the social partners on this graduation began on 17 October and is due to end on 21 November.

The left wing accuses the senate of “sharpening up” a government text

The rapporteurs also stipulated that a jobseeker who rejected three CDI proposals at the end of a CDD during the last twelve months

cannot be entitled to social security.

They believe that the proposed wording “allows for clearly targeting an employee’s characteristic reluctance to engage in a permanent job”. Amendments to the same measure had been tabled in the national assembly by Horizons and MoDem MPs, but

retracted by their authors,

at the request of the government, which wanted to rework such a provision.

In any case, it will create a debate in the semi-circle, which the left accuses the senatorial majority of

“sharpen” the government text.

Conversely, LR senators want to go further by reducing the number to a single rejected CDI.

With regard to the assimilating provision

“abandonment of position” for a resignation,

introduced in the assembly by amendments from the president’s majority and the LRs, the senators specified the applicable procedure to

“secure” it.

They believe that “it is not desirable that an employee who is dismissed after giving up his job has a more favorable situation in terms of unemployment insurance than an employee who resigns and who is not compensated”.

“Give the hand back to the social partners”

It is mainly on

the first article in the text,

which initially plans to extend the current rules for the a-kassen, that the majority of the senate has marked its difference with the government in committee. “We wish

give back to the social partners”,

explained to AFP Frédérique Puissat. “We maintain the course of joint action, which corresponds to the DNA of the Senate, in the spirit of the Larcher law” of 2007, said Olivier Henno.

Section 1 of the bill authorizes the government, by decree in the Council of State, to take the measures for the application of the unemployment insurance scheme until 31 December 2023. The senators have in committee.

reduced this limit to 31 August 2023.

This period “should be used to initiate consultations with the aim of changing the management of unemployment insurance”, said Frédérique Puissat.

An amendment repeals the provisions of the Labor Act which, since 2018, provide the procedure for negotiating an agreement on the basis of

a “frame letter”,

to return to a “letter of guidance” which “does not prejudge the conclusion”.

Another point that was addressed by the senators on the committee: the parameters of the bonus-malus, a unit intended to

limit short-term contracts.

In particular, they excluded the purposes of temporary tasks from the system.

Another part of the bill provides

to extend the validation of acquired experience (VAE)

to “close carers and family carers” to facilitate their access to professions for the elderly. The senators want to open it “to any activity related to certification, to give new impetus to this system”.

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