the time of the vote in the National Assembly

The bill, which was discussed by deputies last week and will be considered in the Senate from October 25, notably allows for the modulation of unemployment insurance by decree.

First adoption of text in sight at the national assembly of this new school year: deputies are preparing to vote on Tuesday 11 October at the first reading of a symbolic bill that initiates a new reform of unemployment insurance, thanks to the votes of the LRs. Interlude in the semi-circle between questions to the government and epic discussions on the budget, the solemn vote of these “emergency measures” in the context of “Full employment” held in the late afternoon.

Despite fierce debates about the possibility of lowering unemployment benefits during a period of rising employment, which the left-wing alliance Nupes fiercely contested, the Macronists do not expect to face difficulties in this election. They will be able to count on the support of the LR pivot group, even if this assesses that the bill is insufficient. “There is nothing in the text” while“there is a real issue to improve the functioning of the labor market”, himself judges the head of deputies LR Olivier Marleix. But the government has made some overtures to the right.

The bill, which was debated by the assembly last week and will be considered in the Senate from October 25, initially plans to extend the current unemployment insurance rules, the result of a hotly contested reform of Macron’s first five-year term. It also triggers the possibility to modulate the unemployment insurance by decree so that it is “stricter when too many jobs are unfilled, more generous when unemployment is high”in the words of Emmanuel Macron during the presidential campaign. “We will not touch the compensation amount”repeated at JDD Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt. But “On the other hand, one may wonder about the conditions for entering the scheme – six months out of 24 today – and about the duration of the compensation”.

“War on the Unemployed”

After a consultation phase with the social partners from next week, the government will decide by decree what form this gradation of unemployment insurance should take, with a view to coming into force in early 2023. Such a reform is adopted by a narrow majority. of French: 53% against 47% according to an Odoxa survey for Challenges and BFMBusiness. The director insists it is urgent because of recruitment difficulties in the hotel, restaurant or construction industry. He sees it as a first brick to reach the goal of full employment by 2027, that is, an unemployment rate of around 5% against 7.4% currently.

The left wing has always stood up against a bill that “declare war on the unemployed” according to Mathilde Panot (LFI), and makes “an arm of honor for social dialogue” according to Jérôme Guedj (PS). “You make unemployment insurance an adjustment variable when its sole purpose is to protect socially”, launched the communist Pierre Dharréville. RN deputies joined this challenge of a “unfair reform targeting the unemployed”. They put their proposals on the table regarding “national priority”with changes to reserve daily allowances in particular “French citizens”a “Return of Their Old Moons” according to the majority.

No “nasty surprises”

At the end of this sometimes eventful investigation, the rapporteur Marc Ferracci (Renaissance) is happy that there was no “nasty surprises”despite sometimes close votes, and that the bill was not “distorted”. With the support of the Minister of Labour, deputies voted for one “highly differentiated application” modulation abroad, which has been hit harder by unemployment. By amendments Renaissance, Modem, Horizons and LR they decided that “after abandonment” will be equated with resignations, in order to limit access to unemployment insurance.

Another part of the bill plans to extend the validation of acquired experience (VAE) to “caregivers and relatives”, to facilitate their access to careers in old age. The assembly approved the creation of a “genuine public service” VAE, still little used due to its complexity. ONE “one stop shop” will be offered via a digital platform.

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