The government presented its new social security fund reform. The text shortens the duration of compensation for jobseekers from February 1, 2023, as long as the unemployment rate does not exceed 9%. A measure condemned by the unions and welcomed by the employers.
This bill “on emergency measures regarding the functioning of the labor market with a view to full employment” was presented on 21 November by the government. It aims to vary the duration of the compensation for new job seekers according to the economic situation. “When things are going well, the rules become stricter, when things are going badly, they are relaxed”, explains Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt. The reform concerns new job seekers from 1 February 2023.
Today, to open rights, it is necessary to have worked 6 months during the last 24 months (36 months for those over 53). The duration of compensation applies on the basis of one working day, one day compensated. The maximum duration of the allowance is 24 months for people under 53, 30 months for people aged 53 and 54, 36 months for people aged 55 or over. With the new reform, the duration of the compensation will vary according to the situation on the labor market.
When unemployment is below 9% or if it falls for three consecutive quarters, the situation will be considered good, the duration of the compensation will be shortened. It can be reduced by 25% with a minimum floor of 6 months. It is clear that an unemployed person who would have been entitled to 12 months’ unemployment benefit today will only be entitled to 9 months from 1.eh February 2023.
To Conversely, if unemployment exceeds the 9% limit or if it increases by 0.8 points in a quarter, the situation will be considered bad, so the duration of the compensation will be calculated on the current basis.
This campaign promise by Emmanuel Macron aims to encourage job seekers to find a job faster. With this reform, the Ministry of Labor expects that 100,000 to 150,000 will return to employment. The board also intends to combat the abuse of short contracts by introducing a bonus-malus on unemployment benefits for companies. According to Unedic, the new calculation method will lead to a decrease in unemployment benefits of 17% on average in the first year for 1.15 million recipients. The organization hopes to achieve savings of around 3.5 to 4 billion per year.
The employees’ unions unanimously condemn this measure, which they consider ineffective and simplistic. At France Inter, Denis Gravouil, member of the management of the CGT talks about “scandal politics” which aims to do “a big saving on the backs of the unemployed”. “Unemployment insurance is a safety net, it’s not an adjustment variable to force workers to take rotten jobs”adds the union man.
AC Unemployment Collective! Act together against unemployment! is against this new reform which “want to hit the unemployed again and make their lives impossible to encourage them to work. » Its members are organizing a meeting against this reform in Besançon on 3 December. AC Unemployment activists! are also alarmed by the possibility of abolishing unemployment benefits after two refusals of permanent employment in one year for a person on a fixed-term contract in the same or similar position.
For their part, employers welcome measures in a range “in the right direction”. Christophe Thiebaud, chairman of CPME 39 in Jura, (the association of small and medium-sized enterprises) raises the problem of recruiting business managers and “employees imposing their working conditions in sectors that are nevertheless in tension: construction, transport, logistics, hotels or personal services”.
According to Pôle Emploi, 6% of the 3.1 million job offers submitted in 2021 were not filled due to a lack of candidates, i.e. 186,000 jobs.. Figures that hide the recruitment difficulties linked to the working conditions offered (salary, working hours, hardships, etc.).
According to INSEE, poverty affects “primarily the unemployed”, of whom 38% live below the poverty line. First of all, women are subject to part-time jobs and lower wages and therefore lower benefits. At the same time, between a quarter and half of eligible unemployed workers would not claim their benefits, according to a Dares report.